Providing direct feedback to students about the “correctness” of a task is (or at least should be) second nature to most teachers. In some cases, feedback should be worded in such a way as to encourage a student that appears to understand the task to be performed, has not yet complete the task. I was surprised in reading Hattie’s recommendations as to the levels of effectiveness when student feedback is properly delivered. As well, the concept of assessment as means of informing students of their current state is a good distinction to keep in mind.
Understanding and adapting to cultural variation in feedback is one way an instructor can provide feedback that is more effective. Another area to effect improvement concerns the situation where students receive feedback on initially incorrect answers – student performance improves dramatically after receiving feedback. As well, correcting constructive verbal feedback from peers is another way to provide effective student feedback.
Prior to starting the course, I did not have a clear understanding of the cognitive presence model. Cognitive presence relates to levels of meaning obtained through communication. A practical inquiry model as described by Garrison, Anderson and Archer (2001) is an approach that operationalizes the cognitive presence model.
In Post 1, I discussed the benefits of collaboration and communication in the learning process. This was anecdotal information based largely on personal experience. The practical inquiry model provides context and rigour for interpreting (and directing) meaningful learning through the communication process.
Garrison, Anderson and Archer (2001) concluded that viewpoint that the practical inquiry model is most appropriate when measuring applied knowledge in adult learning. I would be interested to know whether more recent research supports this conclusion? If so, this may have significant implications for developers of online courses.
I have seen the practical inquiry model used to structure online assignments for a graduate level course in Information Technology. Weekly assignments were constructed such that Thursday through Monday student assignment would focus on initiation and exploration. Activities on Tuesdays and Wednesday would focus on discussion of the assignment materials with the goal of encouraging integration and resolution. Instructor questions posed to the student participants in the latter stages of topic discussions being intended to shape the resolution process.
A number of the other posts on this topic have also discussed the importance of communication.
A bit about me…
It would be difficult to identify a single vacation spot that could be called a favourite. But a vacation spot that is indeed memorable would be Liard Hot Springs in north eastern British Columbia. It’s a natural hot springs located within a Provincial park on the western flank of the Northern Rocky Mountains. Remote, beautiful country accessible via the Alaska Highway – a long way from anywhere but well worth the journey.
The last novel I read was one of the Longmire Mystery series by Craig Johnson. Having watched the television series of the same name on Nexflix, I was curious as to whether the television series was closely based upon the novels. Happily, that was not the case. While the Wyoming of the novels includes many of the same characters and places as portrayed in the television series, many of the tales in the novels are richer and contain far more humour than portrayed on television.
And, some initial thoughts about online learning…
One of the most important characteristics of a high quality online learning environment is collaboration. Speaking from experience, I found that grad school courses that involved collaboration between students from many different countries and backgrounds to be the most rewarding. For those involved in Information Technology at least, it was both surprising and at the same time reassuring to discover that in spite of cultural differences, we had a great deal in common when it came to the workplace.
One of the most interesting facets of online learning for me concerns asynchronous learning. It has been surprising to me just how effective the mode can be. However, it does place an onus on both the instructor and the student to be precise. Very precise given that there can be considerable delays inherent in resolving communications that are imprecise or incomplete.